Thursday, February 14, 2019
Biological and Psychoanalytic Perspectives in Psychology Essay
The psychoanalytical perspective grew out of ensuant psychoanalytic theories (1901, 1924, and 1940) following decades of interactions with clients with the apply of an innovative procedure developed by Sigmund Freud that required lengthy verbal interactions with patients during which Freud probed deep into their lives. In a nutshell, the psychoanalytic perspective looked to explain personality, motivation, and psychological disorders by focussing on the allure of early childhood experiences, on unconscious motives and conflicts, and on the methods people use to cope with their sexual and aggressive urges. The Biological perspective on the former(a) hand looks at the physiological bases of behaviour in humans and animals. It proposes that an beings functioning can be described in impairment of the bodily structures and bio chemic processes that cause behaviour. This paper attempts to examine the similarities and differences between the psychoanalytic perspective and the biologic al perspective with the key focus on the sum assumptions and features of these perspectives as well as their individual strengths and weaknesses. The biological perspective examines how creative thinker processes and other bodily functions regulate behaviour. It emphasizes that the brain and nervous system ar central to understanding behaviour, thought, and emotion. It is believed that thoughts and emotions have a physical basis in the brain. Electrical impulses zoom throughout the brains cells, releasing chemical substances that enable us to think, feel, and behave. Ren Descartes (15961650) wrote an influential book (De Homine On Man) in which he try to explain how the behaviour of animals, and to some extent the behaviour of humans, could be equivalent t... ...m and Irving B. WeinerFreud, S. (1957b). Some character types met with in psychoanalytic work. In J. Strachey (Ed. & Trans.), The standard form of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 14, pp. 309333). London Hogarth Press. (Original work published 1916)McKinley, J. and Fryer, D. (2004), high Psychology Approaches and Method. KEEGAN, G. (2002) Hodder and Stoughton, London, 298 ppIntroduction to psychology 5t ed - Morgan and kingPsychology learning and understanding Barry d. smith (1998) McGraw-Hill Psyhology making sense david A. STATT - NEW YORK- HARPER AND haggling 1977HANDBOOK of psychology VOLUME 5 PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGYTheodore Millon, Melvin J. Lerner/ Irving B. Weiner Editor-in-ChiefWaiten,W., (2007) Seventh Edition Psychology Themes and Variations. University of Nevada, Las Vegas Thomson Wadsworth.