Friday, February 22, 2019

Online Hotel reservation Essay

INTRODUCTIONOver the age, the internet has greatly heigh pass the way slew use computers and communicate today. Many internet terms use up kick the bucket part of peoples everyday language and e-mail has added a whole new means through which people can communicate. By the turn of the century, information, including entre to the Internet, testament be the basis for personal, economic, and political advancement. The democratic name for the Internet is the information superhighway. Whether you want to find the latest fiscal news, browse through library catalogs, exchange information with colleagues, or give in a lively political debate, the Internet is the dent that will take you beyond telephones, faxes, and isolated computers to a burgeoning networked information frontier. The pace of change brought about by new technologies has had a significant effect on the way people live and work worldwide.New and emerging technologies repugn the traditional process of teaching and lea rning, and the way education is managed. Information applied science, enchantment an important bea of vignette in its own right, is having a major(ip) impact across all curriculum beas. As internet technology has improved, so harbor online reserve systems. Today, it is possible through online, to make a reserve for a hotel anywhere in the world. Hotels can create electronic network site and post new content on it every day. technology has gone a long way, improving the lives of people. These technological breakthroughs have dozens to offer, making great things in the easiest, fastest and efficient possible ways you can think of. Online hotel Reservation is very useful for the people specially for socials that they can now easily reserve a room in a hotel through online Internet. Easy worldwide communication provides secondment access to a vast array of data.Project OverviewProject StatementThe hotel reservation system will provide service to on-line customers, expedit ion agents, and an administrator. on-line(a) customers and travel agents can make searches, reservations and cancel an existing reservation on the hotel reservations web site. Administrator can add/update the hotel and the room information approve/disapprove a new travel agents account application andgenerate a periodical occupancy rate report for each hotel.Literature reviewThe excogitate of travel and tourism websites has received substantial attention by scholars (e.g.Schegg et al., 2002 lawfulness and Leung, 2002 Law andWong, 2003 Scharl, Wber and Bauer, 2003 Landvogt, 2004 So and Morrison, 2004 Essawy, 2005 Jeong et al., 2005 Law and Hsu,2006Zafiropoulos and Vrana, 2006 Schmidt, Cantallops, and dos Santos, 2007).Landvogt (2004) evaluates several online reservation engines over 23 differentcriteria, like overall exploiter friendliness, payment method, instant confirmation, dependability, and invoicing function among other(a)s. These criteria present some ofsystems functio ns and design principles discussed furtherin current paper.In their study Jeong et al. (2005) find that only two characteristics ofhotel websites (information completeness and ease of use) are importantdeterminants of perceived website quality.These results are bewildering asmost studies identify more(prenominal) than ratios of perceived service quality to besignificant for website users. Law and Hsu (2006), for example, rate thedimensions of hotel websites (information regarding the reservation, hotelfacilities, contact details of the property, surrounding area and websitemanagement) and attri exactlyes in each dimension mostly valued by online users.Some of the most important website attributes are make to be the room rates,availability and security of payments (in the reservation informationdimension), the location maps, hotel and room comforts (in facilitiesinformation), telephone, address and e-mail of the hotel (for contactinformation), transportation to the hotel, airpo rts and sights (for surroundingarea information), and up-to-date information, multilingual site and shortdownload clock time (for website management).So and Morrison (2004) applysimilar criteria for website evaluation as the preceding study but they groupthem into technical, marketing, consumer view and destinationinformation perspective criteria.Essawy (2005) focuses on website usability and shows that severeusability problems with interface quality, information quality, and servicequality bear upon negatively the grease ones palms and revisit intentions of website users.The author identifies some of the practical tools/activities for increasing usersperceived satisfaction, bribe intention, and potential relationship building exchanging linkswith local points of interest, shorter/simpler pathways toleisure breaks, greater perspicaciousness of information for room facilities and pricing,providing proactive interactions, and avoiding third-party reservation systems.In similar v ein, Scharl, Wber and Bauer (2003) assess the effectiveness ofhotel websites. Authors identify personal, system and media factors thatcontribute to hotel website adoption. In the system factors group, that is more keep backlable by the hotel management compared to personal and media factors,they identify the perceived utility of the product, speed of the system,intelligence, layout, work, languages, navigation, interactivity, reliability ofthe system.Research has also shown that organized religion is an important dimension of website go againstment (Fam, Foscht and Collins, 2004 Chen, 2006 Wu and Chang, 2006).If consumers do not trust the website they will not visit it, or will nottransform their visits into real purchases.Although more than effort has been put towards evaluating the design oftourism websites and the identification of website attributes highly valued bycustomers, in that location is a gap in the inquiry in the OHRS design and its specificproblems have not recei ved enough attention in previous research with fewnotable exceptions. In series of reports Bainbridge (2002, 2003a, 2003b)discusses the practical aspects of the OHRS design (the search option in thesystems, the booking process and the date format), while Ivanov (2002, 2005)discusses the types and main characteristics of OHRSs and the major marketingdecisions to be taken by the marketing managers in their design.The review of available literary works on the tourism / hotel website and OHRS design reveals the following conclusions Website users are interested in easy navigation through the system. They want abundance of information for the services offered in textand pictures. Trust is vital for the usage of the system. Website design can importantly influence the online get a line of theusers and their purchase intentions. Website design itself does not guarantee online purchases but it is theperceived utility of the product that attracts customers.Demographic characteristics and Internet Usage Behaviour preparation level, age, income,and occupation have been effect to be significantly different among Internet users. Bonn etal.(1998)15 study showed that those who use the Internet as a travel information-gathering tool are likely to bemore educated, younger, with higher household incomes, use commercial trapping accommodations while traveling, tend to travel by air and spend more money on travel-related expenses. Weber and Roehls (1999)16 study shows similar results. They tack together that online travel purchasers are more likely to be people who are aged 26-55, with higherincomes, with higher status occupations, and have more years of experience with the Internet than those who do not search or purchase online. The Asiatic demographic patterns of online purchasers tend to mirror their Western profiles.According tostudies carried out by Technowledge Asia in 1999 and 2000, cybershoppers in the four Asian regions (Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Malaysia) were found to be mainly males, in the age group of 26 to 35 years and better educated. Hence, it has been shown that an individuals educational level may affect their susceptibility to attitude change. Intelligent people understandcomplex messages better, and as a result, thought process by complex messages is more likely. In addition, an individuals educational level is alsopartially a measure of their socioeconomic status. Weber and Roehl (1999)16 study found that Internet bookers were more likely to have used the Internet for 4 years. Other researchers confirmed that Internet bookers spend more time online per week than those booking offline (Weber and Roehl ,1999)16.Finally, the intention to shop online is also influenced by consumers Internet shop history (Shim et al., 2001)17. It is demonstrated by pastresearch findings that prior online shoppingexperiences have a ingest impact on Internet shopping intentions (Weber and Roehl, 1999)16. there have been other studies that h ave supported online experience or tenure as come across determinant of onlinebuying behavior (Bellman, Lohse, and Johnson, 199918 and Beldona et al, 2004)19. Findings indicate that the greater the number of years the user spent online combined with higher frequency of Internet usage the greater was the likelihood of buying (Bellman et al., 199918 Weber and Roehl, 199916 and Beldona et al 2004)19. Alwitt and Hamer (2000)20 posit that consumers increasetheir control with more time spent on the Internet, and in turn develop finer expectations of their interactions with businesses in general.Hammond, McWilliam, and Diaz (1998)21 of users attitudes towards the Web. Based from the literature review of the Internet users,it is obtrusive that Internet users are better educated, higher incomes, higher status occupations, have more online experience, use commercial lodging accommodations while travelling and tend to travel by air. In Malaysia, one of the profiles that had an early exposure to the refining of using the Internetfor personal and professional reasons was university residents. These may consist of students, administrators and lecturers. However, university staffs are more likely to fit the profiles of the Internet users (in terms of purchasing) due to their financial mental ability and mobility. Consequently, this leads to H1 There is a relationship between the university staffs demographic factors and the determinants ofonline hotel reservationH2 There is a relationship between the university staffs Internet usage behavior and the determinants of online hotel reservation

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